The Oresund Bridge


The Oresund Bridge, the permanent link between Sweden and Denmark, has existed for almost 20 years. When the bridge opened in 2000, it came with great expectations: that it would change how people travelled and create new contact areas in the Swedish-Danish region. There were those who hoped that the bridge would contribute to a better economic situation for the Oresund region, while others worried that the bridge would have negative effects, for example on the environment. Today, we know that more than 20,000 vehicles and 30,000 train passengers travel over the bridge every day. What we do not know is how people use the bridge in their daily lives and in their free time. What are people’s experiences of the bridge over the last twenty years?

This questionnaire is created by the Centre for Oresund Region Studies at Lund University, Dansk Folkemindesamling at the Royal Danish Library, the Folklife Archives in Lund and Øresundsinstituttet. We would like to capture a variety of voices, sharing their experiences of the bridge today and/or over the years it has existed. What role does the bridge play in people's everyday lives? What kind of trips do people take across the bridge and to what experiences do they lead?

 

We would like to hear from anyone who want to tell us about their experiences of the bridge. Your voice is valuable to us regardless of whether you use the bridge often or infrequently (or not at all), how old you are or where you come from.

 

The questions are meant to serve as suggestions and do not need to be answered to the letter. Maybe you cannot or do not want to answer some of the questions: just skip those. Perhaps you think there are relevant questions missing from the list: please tell us about these.

The questionnaire is part of the ground work for a book commemorating the Oresund Bridge turning 20 years. This book will be published by the Centre for Oresund Region Studies and Øresundsinstituttet. In this book, we will publish quotes from the questionnaire anonymously, to illustrate different experiences of the Oresund Bridge and its role in the region.

Markus Idvall, head of Centre for Oresund Region Studies, Lund University
Markus.Idvall@kultur.lu.se

Gabi Louisedotter, the Folklife Archives in Lund
gabi.louisedotter@folklivsarkivet.lu.se

Marianne Holm Pedersen, Danish Folklore Archives at the Royal Danish Library
mape@kb.dk

How I use the bridge

First, we would like to ask some questions about how you use the bridge in general.

How many times have you used the bridge in the last year? Did you go by train, car, bus or motorcycle?

When you travel across the bridge – what reason do you usually have for doing this? Is it a trip for leisure, work, studies, or something else? Do you have family, close friends, or work contacts on the other side of the bridge?

Why do you choose to travel across the bridge? Are there any alternative routes you could go by?

When you travel across the bridge, do you consider the costs? Do you choose the cheapest way to travel, whether it is by train, bus or car?

Do you remember your first trip over the bridge? Please tell us about it: what was your destination and how did you experience the trip over the bridge?

My work and study trips across the bridge

We are interested in different types of trips across the bridge. Here we want to know about trips across the bridge for the sake of work or education.

Tell us about your trips for work or study and what role they play for you during a workweek and/or work year.

Describe a typical day of travelling across the bridge for work or studies:

- How do you usually travel – by car, train or bus?

-  Do you usually travel during peak hours or at other times?

- Do you have any specific habits or routines when traveling over the bridge?

- What do you usually see during your journey?

- What do you think about?

- What do you usually do during your trip?

- What sounds and smells are present?

- How do you feel?

- Do you feel stressed or calm? Safe or unsafe?

- Has something different or unexpected ever happened?

- How do you experience travelling over the bridge if you think about the different passages of the bridge: the toll station, the high bridge, the tunnel, the stations at the airport and Hyllie (the first stations in each country)? What experiences do you have of these places?


- How do you experience the border controls at Hyllie and the previous border controls at Kastrup?

My leisure trips across the bridge

Many trips across the bridge are for leisure. Here we want to know about the trips over the bridge you take in your spare time and to which experiences these have led.

Tell us about your trips for leisure and what role they play for you.

 

Tell us about a particularly memorable leisure trip over the bridge:

- Did you plan your trip or was it spontaneous?

- Did you travel on your own or with company?

- If you travelled by train or bus - how did you experience the social environment? Did you feel safe or unsafe? Did you chat with other travellers?

- What or which destinations did you have?

- How long were you away?

- Tell us how the trip went and what happened during it.

- If you made the trip when the border controls were in effect - how did you experience border controls, both the current controls at Hyllie and the former at Kastrup?

- Did you feel satisfied with the trip afterwards?

The Oresund Bridge’s significance for the region

The bridge and the region are usually seen as interconnected. We are interested in hearing what you think about the significance of the Oresund Bridge for the Oresund region.

What significance do you think the bridge has for Sweden and for Denmark? Is the bridge equally important in the two countries? If not, for which country is it most important and in what way?

Is the bridge important for the Oresund region? Does the bridge foster a particular community in the region? How would you describe this community? Tell us more about what you think about these questions.

The future of the Oresund Bridge?

The future is always difficult to imagine, but we are interested in hearing what you think about the possible futures of the bridge.

How do you think you will use the bridge in the near future? Will you continue to travel over the bridge in the next few years? Reflect on how you imagine you will use the bridge in the near future.
What do you imagine travelling across the bridge will look like in ten och twenty years’ time? What kinds of trips and travellers do you think will dominate? What significance will the bridge have for the future Oresund region?

Additional information

If you think that there is something we forgot to ask, please feel free to add this.

Background information

In order to be able to use your answer in a research context, we need to have some background.

I am:
Profession/occupation

Current residence (country and city)

Residence of origin (country and city)

Year of birth

Archiving

I agree to my answer being archived at the Folklife Archives at Lund University and that my answer may be used in research context.

 

The Folklife Archives was founded in 1913 and is a part of Lund University. The Archives has a close connection to education and research at the university. Directives have been sent out on a regular basis since 1932. Replies to a used by public, students and researchers.

To reply to a directive is voluntary and your answer may be used in research context. Personal data is treated with care so that they cannot be linked to any individual. In the event that names and personal data appear, they are anonymized in any publications. Welcome to contact the archives if you have questions.

Data controller is Lund University. The data protection officer at Lund University can be reached at the following address; Paradisgatan 5 B, Lund, phone +46 46 222 09 85.

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